If you're planning a garden makeover you'll be looking for backyard ideas. Whether you are looking at a complete redesign, or simply want to improve and enhance your backyard with some new features, the key to a successful design is a considered mix of planting, landscaping and lifestyle elements.
When deciding which backyard ideas to incorporate, start with the architecture of your property and the local area and take your lead from there.
Get the backyard landscaping ideas and planting right by following tried and tested garden design rules we’ve detailed below, then add your own unique spin to give your space the standout factor.
When it comes to choosing backyard ideas for your outdoor space, garden designer Kate Gould (opens in new tab) explains there are a number of factors to consider, including: personal tastes, the location, and whether you're looking for backyard ideas on a budget or have a bit more to spend.
'While the same design principles can be applied to all types of garden, no matter their shape or size, ultimately each will be exclusive to its owner’s tastes and requirements, as well as the plot’s unique situation,' she says.
'Two small gardens, side by side, facing the same way will be markedly different because of their owners’ wishes. This individuality makes garden design so much more interesting.'
Find inspiration from some of our favorite ideas for transforming your backyard.
1. Resolve functional issues
A garden redesign is the chance to not only enhance its aesthetic appeal, but also the ideal time to resolve any practical or functional issues – problems that can be stressful and expensive down the line.
The first consideration should be any backyard landscaping ideas that can resolve issues with the garden's natural topography.
Joshua Sear, architect and landscape designer at Barlow & Barlow (opens in new tab) tackled a potentially serious flooding problem in a client’s garden. 'The garden was actually sloping back down towards the house, which meant in wet weather it was flooding the property.'
To resolve this, he considered various sloped backyard ideas, and decided to 'dig down two feet overall and level the whole garden. This created proper drainage so the garden and house are now flood proof,' he explains.
2. Fill a backyard with texture
When it comes to small backyard ideas, you can make a real impact and create a sense of more space by filling the area with light and texture through careful planting. If you're wondering how do I add luxury to my backyard, then careful choice of planting is one way
Landscape designer Jane Brockbank (opens in new tab) had to fulfil her client’s brief of creating ‘a beautiful "green" picture that would be the constant visual backdrop to the main family kitchen/dining room.'
'It was quite a challenge,' recalls Jane, about the space at the rear of a terraced Victorian house.
Jane’s aim was to make the space ‘full of shimmery light and texture,’ so she decided to dig out the whole garden to the new basement level, including underpinning all the walls, placing planting in newly created beds at lower levels.
'It was a very constrained site – we needed to make it feel lighter and bigger than it was,' continues Jane. 'Much thought was given to the walls – they are very tall so we used many contrasting tall evergreen shrubs and evergreen climbers to counteract this.'
3. Create contrast with light and shade
Develop different planting between light and shaded areas for a garden of contrasts. There are many plants and shrubs for shade that can create a feeling quite distinct from sunnier areas of the garden.
'A tall wall on the back elevation makes it feel very private and enclosed, and now I have some quite tall structures in there it creates an even greater contrast between light and shade. In many ways this has been its success,' says Emily.
There are different factors to consider in how to design a sloping garden. 'We created raised terraces as you go up the garden to maximize our opportunity to capture sun and, seen from the basement, these also give a feeling of a cascade of planting,' says Emily.
She embraces its shadiness, calling it a ‘garden of evolution’, and continues to develop the planting since it was reworked about eight years ago. 'I have found that specific areas require different treatments to make the most of things like sunny spots and special spaces,' she adds.
4. Add bespoke garden furniture
Do not overlook the importance of outdoor furniture in your backyard ideas, and bespoke pieces can help to achieve your unique vision for the space.
This sculptural bench was created entirely on site in the garden by the Rosebank Landscaping team (opens in new tab). 'We chose iroko hardwood and steam-bent it on site to ensure it fitted perfectly into the space,' says Matt Keightley, design director of Rosebank.
The vertical lines above the bench complement the curves of the seat and the surrounding exotic planting as a tropical garden idea adds a soft contrast to the harder surfaces of the timber.
'We used Asplenium scolopendrium and Dryopteris wallichiana under the bench,' continues Matt.
Garden furniture doesn’t have to be off the shelf. Local fabricators can help you achieve a unique vision if you have the time and budget.
5. Plant a living wall
Particularly when you are looking for backyard ideas for smaller gardens, living wall ideas can transform an outdoor space.
The range and sophistication of the systems’ structures and maintenance make them suitable for many gardens.
'These walls create a sense of enveloping nature. Here this creates a focal point for the dining area and includes ambient lighting for evening entertaining,' says Tom Massey.
Living walls are among the many vertical garden ideas that can make the most of every growing surface.
6. Lose the lawn
Consider if you backyard needs a lawn. For family gardens a lawn is often an important element to allow for childhood play, but if it's not then think about replacing it as part of your backyard ideas, particularly if you have a small or narrow garden.
Garden designers Charlotte Harris and Hugo Bugg of Harris Bugg Studio (opens in new tab) convinced their clients to lose the lawn in this backyard and rewarded them with sophisticated planting that creates way more atmosphere than cut grass ever could.
'As the garden opens to sun, the wildflower meadow-like planting is full of white foxgloves, Digitalis purpurea ‘Dalmatian White’, meadow cranesbill, Geranium ‘Brookside’, and valerian, Valeriana officinalis,' says Charlotte.
'The brief was to create a nectar and edibles-rich haven for people and wildlife that reflects the client’s love of foraging and cooking,' adds Hugo.
The garden has many plants for pollinators and small vegetable garden ideas. Edgings of wild strawberries and rosemary provide texture and ground cover, and herbs, such as sage, thyme, fennel and lemon verbena, grow in sunny spots. Lemon balm and different varieties of mint, which can be invasive, are grown in pots, for herb planter ideas, and a prolific Sichuan pepper, Zanthoxylum simulans, is planted towards the back.
Stepping stones made from York stone paving which was saved from the original garden and used to create a winding garden path idea which leads to an ‘evening terrace’ in a small clearing at the rear of the garden.
7. Mix and match materials
Think about the mix of materials you can include as part of your backyard ideas. Garden wall ideas can utilize a mix of textures and finishes.
Attention to detail paid off when designing this enclosed seating area, part of a London garden which is split over three levels. Interior designers Kitesgrove (opens in new tab) worked with horticulturalists Cameron Gardens (opens in new tab) who created the pots and planters around the outside of this walled space, which has been painted in a light shade to draw more light into the space, with horizontal fencing panels adding another texture.
The planting softens the impact of the boundary walls. Cameron chose a mixture of flowering and evergreen plants including viburnum, pittosporum and camellias, plus jasmine for its delicate flowers and evening fragrance.
The striped outdoor rug picks up on the theme of vertical and horizontal lines and lightens and softens the look of the wooden decking.
Reclaimed stone, taken from an old Georgian house, was chosen as the focal point of this courtyard garden idea. It creates a neutral background for pops of color that make this a welcoming space for entertaining.
Joshua Sear of Barlow & Barlow chose a mix of hard surfaces to finish the space, including Trusloe limestone for the main terrace paving, and a reclaimed stone trough, lintel and York stone cladding.
8. Plant between steps
Planting into hard landscaping is the perfect way to soften its impact as part of your backyard ideas when you're considering how to landscape a backyard.
Simply by inserting planting between the steps here, a sense of natural beauty has been injected and the garden as a whole has been enhanced.
Landscape designer Stefano Marinaz (opens in new tab) explains how he achieved this result: 'The steps are built using concrete block work and then clad with stone. To accommodate Sarcococca hookeriana ‘Humilis’, we made a gap between the steps of about 100mm to allow for the soil and drainage. This specific evergreen sarcococca was chosen because it stays compact.'
9. Use evergreens for drama
However small or shady your outdoor space, you can still use plants to introduce drama.
Landscape designer Emily Erlam has harnessed their architectural forms to create real green impact in her own garden.
'There is a high proportion of evergreen sculptural plants which means it has good structure all year round,' Emily explains. With many evergreen fast growing shrubs you can quickly create the effect you are after.
'I have added some ornamental grasses and perennials, which grow between these to make change and add to the drama. The shapes of the plants hug the walls and some arch over the seating area to make it feel enclosed,' she adds.
10. Zone your backyard
Think about how you would like to use your outside space. Consider creating an outdoor kitchen and dining area for entertaining and impromptu barbecues, and perhaps a separate lounge area for some quiet relaxation.
Adding a tucked-away bench where you can enjoy your morning coffee or a G&T at the end of the day can be another way to create more interest in the garden. Ideally this should be revealed as a surprise that can’t be seen from the house. Covered patio ideas work well in this respect.
'In terms of creating distinct zones, it’s important to use garden screening ideas, climbers and plants that act as veils to divide spaces rather than solid walls that can’t be seen through. This makes for a more dynamic space without making it feel smaller,' says garden designer Adolfo Harrison (opens in new tab).
Garden designer Tom Massey adds: 'The most successful gardens reveal their details and invite discovery. Zoning and dividing gardens is a useful technique to draw the eye and the visitor into the space.
'In a long, narrow garden, zoning and dividing creates a sense of intrigue, giving different areas different atmospheres and characters,' Tom adds.
11. Go for bold
Patio ideas are a great way to tap into the ‘inside-outside’ lifestyle trend, where the garden is seen as an extension of the home.
A successful small space always requires careful consideration and inclusion of all the components that make interaction between house and garden possible. Choose hard surfaces for entertaining and relaxing. Mixing in a surprise design element, such as geometric tiles, will give your backyard paving the wow factor.
'Ensuring that your design is bold will give it longevity and make it appealing for as much of the year as possible,' says Kate Gould. 'Get the bones of the scheme right and the planting will shine.'
12. Create a visual link between indoors and out
Take one small element such as a landscaping material and use it to create synchronicity between house and garden.
The understated hand-thrown clay pavers in this garden create a soft and natural look that works in both contemporary and traditional design schemes.
'The clay pavers used on this house extension have been repeated on the garden path in the same stack bond format,' says Tom Massey. 'This creates a visual link between house and garden. The staggered laying pattern creates pockets for planting to fill and soften the hard landscaping.'
Another simple way of creating a link is to pick up a color from the house and repeat it in the garden.
Corten steel planter box ideas contrast with the natural stone.
13. Choose integrated seating
Space permitting it’s good to incorporate several different seating areas into your backyard ideas to add interest.
This would include choices for dining and relaxing, as well as introducing the odd wild card, such as using Adirondack chairs in a secluded corner for quiet reading or browsing.
Consider adding customized seating in materials like stone, brick or wood specially designed to integrate into your space. Stylish seat pads can then be added that co-ordinate with your overall scheme.
Think about incorporating a lift-up design as garden storage ideas for cushions when not in use. Freestanding benches are a great choice as well when you need extra seating.
14. Add a pergola for privacy
Think vertically to make use of the space above your back garden, too.
Pergola ideas will add an eye catching architectural element, especially if you leave them unplanted so the clean lines are allowed to work as a design feature.
Offering garden privacy and shelter, a pergola will add a new dimension to the possibilities for entertaining in your back garden, offering up a space that can be used whatever the weather – pergola shade ideas are particularly useful for sunny areas of the backyard.
When there’s a chill in the air, simply add an outdoor rug, backyard fire pit, or heater so you can maximize uthe amount of time you spend outside.
15. Add garden lighting
Discreet garden lighting ideas add drama to the evening garden and create a welcoming ambience. It brings another dimension to an outdoor space, making the garden usable all year round.
Plants take on architectural qualities when uplit, adding a dramatic quality that’s very different from daytime.
Choose uplights that are either recessed into the ground or set on a moveable spike as they are ideal for illuminating plants and can be shifted to suit the mood. The light diffuses up through the plants to cast sculptural shadows against the backdrop of a wall or fence.
Uplights work best with ornamental grasses, bamboo and palms, which all have architectural forms to create shadow play.
Pool lighting ideas can also turn this area of the backyard into an atmospheric entertaining space in the evening.
16. Create seclusion
Consider what elements can be introduced to make your space feel more private, particularly if it’s in close proximity to other properties.
Using trees – like these best trees for screening and privacy, or best trees for small gardens in large planters – is a good way of creating a secluded space. There are also many shrubs for privacy or privacy hedges to choose from.
Take inspirations from Mediterranean garden ideas and used Med-style planting that will thrive in a sheltered environment like this, but remember to factor in how big things are likely to grow as this needs to be included in your plan.
'The use of trees in these corten planters provides a sense of enclosure for an overlooked terrace,' says Adolfo Harrison. 'Corten steel suits both traditional and contemporary schemes. It’s a good way of mixing in a modern material that has an old feel about it. The orange hue looks stunning as a backdrop for greenery, too.'
If your space is overlooked from above but planting isn't an option, then a garden parasol or other patio cover ideas can also be used as freestanding screening devices. Whether you opt for cantilever or traditional, our guide to the best patio umbrellas offers some useful options.
17. Style your space
Add a personal touch with carefully chosen pieces that pull the whole look together.
Whether it’s cushions, throws and outdoor rugs, or bigger items such as furniture and garden sculpture or yard art ideas, aim for these finishing touches to tie in with the backyard design theme. Foldaway tables and outdoor chairs are a great additional choice to bring out when you’re entertaining.
Rugs, cushions and throws in muted tones of dove grey are contemporary yet have a classic quality. Grey is also a good neutral to tie in with your planting scheme, complementing the cool tones of lavender and white shown here. It’s a natural fit with landscaping materials such as concrete and stone too.
18. Opt for flexibility
Even the smallest backyard or patio can be turned into a great entertaining space, as this patio demonstrates.
This stunning courtyard backyard has a cozy seating arrangement, surrounded by planting to make it feel secluded.
19. Create a focal point
A focal point in the garden that you can see from the house will tie the two spaces together.
This could be a water feature, garden pond ideas, sculpture, decorative planters or architectural plants lit for effect at night to create an atmospheric backdrop that can be enjoyed from indoors, too. It has the bonus of making the interior feel more spacious as the eye is drawn outside beyond the walls.
This filigree bronze water wall by David Harber (opens in new tab) adds movement and an artistic element to a garden.
20. Keep planting simple
For a low maintenance option that looks good, stick to a palette of planting with only one or two colors in addition to green.
Limit the number of different types of plants, especially if you're working with a small backyard, as too much can look crowded and fussy.
Always use a combination of structural and seasonal planting, such as a stylish and easy mix of low evergreen hedging, grasses and perennials, as seen in this pool area idea.
Structural plants form the framework of a garden and help to define the space, so deciding where to position them is an important first step during a makeover or redesign.
21. Limit your color palette
Co-ordinating seating and walling materials in sympathetic tones allows the planting to take center stage and pulls the space together.
'Limiting your palette to a tonal range or selecting one finishing touch as a highlight will create a much more calming effect,' says Kate Gould. Choose materials that are in keeping with your property and the surrounding area.
Be sure to maintain this vision for your space at all times and don’t deviate from it however tempting other options might be. Throwing the kitchen sink at your garden just complicates things. Stick to your plan and this will ensure that your finished garden is exactly what you had in mind.
22. Add a water feature
Top of everyone’s wish list when it comes to ways of introducing a relaxing element in the garden, soothing water features look most natural when paired with lush planting.
'This corten steel bowl is filled with water that’s been dyed black, a simple and low cost way of including water in your design,' says Tom Massey. 'The key to its success is simplicity. The black water is still and reflective, creating a calm atmosphere surrounded by the lush green bamboo planting.'
A reflection pool like this is easy to do and works well if you like a sleek and minimal look. There’s no pump, electricity or water supply involved either – which is good if you're trying to keep an eye on the landscaping cost of your yard.
23. Get the structure right
Less is more when it comes to hard landscaping materials so limit your choices to a couple of options.
Raised garden beds that co-ordinate with the patio pavers also work as a boundary, shifting the emphasis and leading the eye away from the next door garden. They also help to create a secluded seating area.
Flooring materials that can be easily swept and cleaned, and are tonally or materially the same as the interior finishes of the property help link the spaces and are a practical option when indoor-outdoor living comes together like this.
24. Prioritize relaxation
Your back garden is very much your own private space. It should be somewhere to relax in. You could even turn it into your own spa-style area.
Maybe you like the idea of an integrated hot tub to relax in, fancy a full-on pool idea to take a dip or simply want a place to park your yoga mat or take a few rays. Whatever your choice, relaxation should be a key factor in any garden design. After all, taking a vacation in your own backyard is quite the trend now.
Choose from hard wearing, low maintenance, deck ideas, such as non-slip porcelain tiles, which are practical when water is part of the design and also easy to keep clean.
25. Design a small space carefully
Urban rooftops can seem harsh and exposed spaces but with some expert input warm and convivial places can emerge.
Interior designers Maddux Creative (opens in new tab) called on trusted garden designer Adolfo Harrison to help tackle this rooftop garden. Grasses create a screen for both privacy and to protect the bespoke seating from the elements. Dual-purpose cladding hides a tall and ugly structure and becomes a water feature, and a table-top fire is a mesmerising focal point.
Here decking provides a tactile surface underfoot. While real wood has become a desirable aesthetic to incorporate into your outdoor space, it also demands regular maintenance and care, so consider that wood-effect outdoor tiles give you the ability to create the same stunning design, without the high price and annual upkeep.
Porcelain tiles are water and stain resistant, which makes them the perfect for outdoor entertaining.
26. Fix your lawn
Walking barefoot on a green swathe of velvety lawn is one of life’s pleasures and for many it’s a backyard must-have.
Cutting your lawn frequently leads to the best results, but know how often you should mow your lawn. This generally means once a week during summer. Leaving the grass slightly longer can reduce the chances of it going brown and drying out.
Learn how to fertilize a lawn and treat it to a nitrogen-rich liquid feed that’s formulated to green things up. You should see an improvement within a week.
What should I put in my backyard?
Keep things simple. Decide what you want your space to look like and stick to your vision. Trying to squeeze in too much will often leave the end result feeling busy.
Hard landscaping materials are the bone structure of the garden while planting is used to soften and enhance the space. Aim for a streamlined combination of the two.
Focus on planting that offers year-round interest with a balance of color, fragrance, foliage, structure and winter stems. Always include some evergreens in your planting scheme to green up the space permanently.
Include several seating area perhaps one for lounging, one for dining and another to provide a space for quiet contemplation. Aim to follow the sun (or shade) round the garden.
How do you make a small backyard fun?
Plan a ‘journey’ through the backyard, even if the space is small.
Create areas of the garden that are not seen on initial view and can only be appreciated once you are immersed in the space. This helps build a sense of anticipation. It fools the eye, and makes the garden seem larger than it is.
Distinctive features and focal points will encourage progression through to maximise the space.
Choose dramatic planting to shift the eye away from cramped dimensions, and contrasting textures and materials to make a space feel larger. Look at the details too.
Adding a stylish mirror panel will create impact and enhance the space by bouncing light around and creating interesting reflections.
How do you make a backyard feel cozy?
Outdoor fireplace ideas immediately make a backyard cozy. Setting up a seating area around a firepit, log burning brazier or chiminea is a tried and tested formula to make a backyard feel cozy. Consider a retractable roof cover or explore pergola ideas for your patio to add to the sense of enclosure too.
Lighting is also key to creating an intimate space. Add drama and atmosphere with a selection of lighting for that all-important glow at dusk.
For best results, add layers of lighting at different heights, starting with low level recessed uplighters and battery powered lanterns. Then add hurricane lights at table height, finishing with wall-hung styles and outdoor string lighting looped through branches or from a pergola.
How do I turn my backyard into an oasis?
Boundaries are one of the first things you need to take into account if you want to create a sense of privacy and turn your backyard into an oasis.
Slatted fencing panels let air in and feel less rigid than solid blocks.
Vertical living walls are another good way of masking a view while enhancing your own green space.
A row of pleached trees will help to block out neighbouring houses if your garden is overlooked and can be uplit at night to shift the spotlight on to your own space.
A pergola also gives you privacy from above if you’re overlooked.
Lifestyle journalist Sarah Wilson has been writing about gardens since 2015. As well as homesandgardens.com she's written for Gardeningetc.com, Livingetc.com, Easy Gardens and Modern Gardens magazines. Her first job on glossy magazines was at Elle, during which time a visit to the legendary La Colombe d'Or in St-Paul-de-Vence led to an interest in all things gardening. Later as lifestyle editor at Country Homes & Interiors magazine the real pull was the run of captivating country gardens that were featured.
- Kate BurnettContributing Editor
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